Roman emperors ruled over the kingdom after the Roman Republic came to an end. The authenticity of an emperor’s reign depended on his recognition by the state and his control over the army. The empire lasted between 27 BC and 476 BC. During this period, several rulers manned the kingdom, and their reigns were divided into dynasties. Here are the most famous of the emperors.
Augustus (September 63 BC to 19 August, 14 AD)
Let’s start with the most famous emperor, who was also the kingdom’s founder. His name is Augustus, and he had the most extended rule of 41 years. Octavian was his birth name but was named Augustus by the senate to honor his significant achievements.
Augustus avenged the death of Caesar alongside Mark Antony, but they later fell out. He defeated Cleopatra and Mark Antony and together with the Roman Senate, created a new constitution for a vast kingdom. Augustus initiated the era of relative peace. Under his reign, the empire grew significantly, thanks to the construction of buildings, roads, and aqueducts. Not only was Augustus the first empire, but he was also the best that Rome ever had.
Trajan (September 53 AD to 8 August, 117 AD)
The senate declared Trajan to be the best ruler. He was an exceptional emperor, and under his reign, the kingdom attained its peak potential. Trajan presided over the most massive military expansion in Roman history, which ensured the empire reached its maximum territorial scope by the time he passed one.
Everybody respected him, including the military, senate, and ordinary people. He was also philanthropic, and he supported welfare policies and public building programs. Trajan is one of the few rulers whose reputation lasted for more than 19 centuries.
Marcus Aurelius (April 121 AD to 17 March, 180 AD)
Marcus was considered to be the last of the “five good emperors” and was a stoic philosopher. It was during his rule that the empire defeated kingdoms in central and East Europe. He also conquered Marcomanni, Samaritans, and Quadi in the Marcommanic wars. Aurelius is known as a great writer and a monument of duty and service.
One of his famous texts describes how to preserve serenity in the middle of conflicts by turning to nature for inspiration and guidance. Marcus obtained the title of a philosopher-king while he was alive, and the reputation remained even after passing on.