To end the tradition of safety in cars being mostly focused on men, a team of Swedish researchers has finally created the first crash test dummy mimicking a woman’s physique. The dummy, who stands an average of five feet three inches tall and weighs 137 pounds, will attempt to replace existing techniques that severely distorted a woman’s physique in practically every dimension.
The First Crash Dummies
The invention of the crash test dummy changed automobile safety in the 1970s. Few people were willing to participate in the automobile safety test, so a dummy had to be invented. Since then, these crash test dummies have advanced and become more accurate representations of the human body — or the body of a man, at least.
A Different Crash Test Dummy
You might be surprised to learn that a crash test dummy is always either male or a child, with women in cars frequently being represented by a scaled-down version of the male dummy. At about four feet eight inches tall, the mini-man dummy is about the size of a 12-year-old girl. People are either men or children from the viewpoint of the automobile industry.
Sadly, this affects car safety in the actual world. According to a University of Virginia study, women are much more likely than males to sustain injuries in the front seat of a moving vehicle. Additionally, compared to a male equivalent, they are approximately three times more likely to get whiplash in an accident. Both of these statistics are probably related to gender bias in safety technologies.
The researchers believe that by increasing the presence of women in the field of automotive safety research, this new dummy will help to close that gap. But before that can happen, researchers require regulators all across the world to accept and enforce the use of the female dummy. Otherwise, many people will continue using their outdated practices.
Archaeological Mystery – Where Exactly Is Attila the Hun’s Tomb?
Attila the Hun, the warlord who invaded and ravaged both the eastern and western halves of the Roman Empire, passed away on his wedding night at the age of 58. To this day, it is a matter of debate whether the Hun ruler perished of natural causes, or whether he met his demise at the hands of his new wife, Ildico. To add even more mystery to an already complicated plot, nobody really knows where Attila was buried because his tomb has never been found.
Attila the Hun Was Feared by the Romans
Attila was born in the Pannonian steppe during the late 4th century and ruled the Huns until his passing in 453 A.D. He was sometimes referred to as “Flagellum Dei,” which translated from Latin means “scourge of God” or “whip of God.” Although he threatened to sack Rome and Constantinople, he never actually attacked the two largest cities in the Roman Empire. Instead, he forced emperors to pay him large amounts of gold in exchange for peace treaties that didn’t always last long.
While much is known about Atilla the Hun’s warmongering days, very little is known about his final resting place. In fact, according to Zsófia Masek, a post-doctoral researcher of archaeology at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, there is only one surviving written source about his funeral — a sixth-century book written by Jordanes titled Getica.
The Hun Ruler Had an Elaborate Funeral
According to the book, Attila was buried in a triple coffin. The innermost was crafted of gold, the second was made of silver, and the outermost was forged of iron. According to Jordanes, the gold and silver were a symbol of the wealth accumulated by the Hun ruler while the iron signified his people’s military might.
Jordanes adds that servants who had built the tomb were eliminated in an attempt to keep its location secret. He also wrote that Attila the Hun was put to rest with captured enemy weapons, gems, and various ornaments.
Where Is His Tomb?
Many historians believe the great Hun warlord is resting somewhere on the Hungarian Puszta, also known as the Great Hungarian Plain. Their theory is built on the fact that Attila had made his headquarters in the region. Some claim that the tomb is next to a river while others defend the theory that the Hun ruler had a riverbed burial.
It’s also possible that Attila the Hun is buried in the Serbian or Romanian parts of the Great Hungarian Plain. Furthermore, it’s uncertain whether anything remains of the tomb. While some scholars are optimistic about discovering his burial site, others aren’t so confident about it. One thing is certain, this archaeological mystery will continue to baffle historians.